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Inflammatory Arthritis of the Hip

Other popular names

Who does it affect?

Generally associated with older people, however can affect anyone with immune or system diseases.

What is it?

Arthritis literally means "inflammation of a joint." In some forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, the inflammation arises because the smooth covering (articular cartilage) on the ends of bones wears away. In other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, the joint lining becomes inflamed as part of a systemic disease. These diseases are considered the inflammatory arthritides.

The three most common types of inflammatory arthritis that affect the hip are:

Symptoms

The classic sign of arthritis is joint pain. Inflammatory arthritis of the hip is characterized by a dull, aching pain in the groin, outer thigh, or buttocks.  Pain is usually worse in the morning and lessens with activity; however, vigorous activity can result in increased pain and stiffness. The pain may limit your movements or make walking difficult.

Diagnosis

During the physical examination, your consultant will ask you to move your hip in various ways to see which motions are restricted or painful.

X-rays will be taken to study the extent and type of arthritis.

Non-surgical treatment

Nonsurgical treatments may provide some relief but generally only give short/medium term relief.  Non surgical treatments include:

If these treatments do not relieve the pain, surgery may be recommended. The type of surgery depends on several factors, including your age, the condition of the hip joint, the type of inflammatory arthritis you have, the progression of the disease, medication (especially steroids) you are on and the state of your bones. Your orthopaedic surgeon will discuss the various options with you.

Surgical treatment

The most common surgical procedures performed for inflammatory arthritis of the hip include:

Specific treatments are explained in more detail by linking to the conditions above.

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